Etrasimod Shows Promise in Moderate to Extreme Ulcerative Colitis

Etrasimod, an investigational selective sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) receptor modulator, resulted in clinically meaningful improvements in sufferers with moderately to severely active ulcerative colitis (UC), in response to an prognosis of two randomized trials.

In ELEVATE UC 52, the clinical remission rate used to be over three situations better for these that purchased etrasimod when in contrast with placebo at 12 weeks (27% vs 7.4%) and over four situations better at 52 weeks (32.1% vs 6.7%; P˂0.001 for every). In ELEVATE UC 12, the clinical remission rate used to be moreover better (24.8% vs 15.2%, respectively, P=0.026), reported William J. Sandborn, MD, of the University of California San Diego.

In every trials, etrasimod moreover met all secondary efficacy endpoints, including endoscopic enchancment, symptomatic remission, clinical response, and mucosal healing, amongst others, in response to findings presented at a uninteresting-breaking presentation on the Digestive Disease Week annual assembly.

Identical therapy-emergent adversarial events and severe adversarial events occurred amongst every therapy groups, with out any contemporary safety findings for as a lot as 52 weeks in ELEVATE UC 52.

A outdated phase II trial from Sandborn and colleagues that evaluated etrasimod moreover showed efficacy in adults with life like to severe UC.

For their most up-to-date sight, Sandborn and workers examined files from ELEVATE UC 52 (n=433) and ELEVATE UC 12 (n=354), two world phase III double-blind trials that enrolled adults with life like to severe UC from June 2019 to February 2022 and September 2020 to December 2021, respectively.

Each and every trials randomized sufferers 2:1 to salvage oral etrasimod 2 mg once daily or placebo. Moderate or severe disease drawl were defined by a modified Mayo Rating (MMS) of 4 to 9 with a centrally read endoscopic subscore ≥2 and a rectal bleeding subscore ≥1, moreover documented historical past of inadequate response, loss of response, or an intolerance to no no longer as a lot as one UC therapy. Patients were stratified in response to their baseline corticosteroid drawl and disease drawl (MMS 4-6 or 7-9), moreover to prior exposure to biologics or Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitors.

In ELEVATE UC 52, 433 sufferers were randomized, and 207 performed therapy by week 52. This sight consisted of a 12-week induction duration, followed by 40 weeks of therapy; if sufferers did now not expertise disease enchancment at 12 weeks, they were in a region to discontinuance and assign up in the continuing originate-designate extension sight, ELEVATE UC OLE, which at the moment has about 912 sufferers enrolled and is expected to be performed in August 2027. ELEVATE UC 12 consisted simplest of a 12-week induction duration; 354 sufferers were randomized and 316 performed therapy by week 12.

Of these treated with etrasimod, 62.6% in every trials were naive to biologics and JAK inhibitors, as were 61.8% and 62.9% of placebo-treated sufferers, respectively.

Amongst every groups, therapy-emergent adversarial events incorporated COVID-19 infection, headache, worsening of UC, pyrexia, dizziness, arthralgia, nausea, and abdomen pain. No severe adversarial events of atrioventricular block or bradycardia occurred.

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    Zaina Hamza is a workers author for MedPage Currently, conserving Gastroenterology and Infectious disease. She depends in Chicago.


Sandborn reported relationships with Alimentiv, Alivio Therapeutics, Allakos, Amgen, Arena Prescribed capsules, AstraZeneca, Atlantic Prescribed capsules, Bausch Health (Salix), BeiGene, Bellatrix Prescribed capsules, Boehringer Ingelheim, Boston Prescribed capsules, Bristol Myers Squibb, Celgene, Celltrion, ClostraBio, Codexis, Equillium, Forbion, Galapagos, Genentech, Gilead Sciences, GlaxoSmithKline, Gossamer Bio, Immunic (Crucial Therapies), Index Prescribed capsules, Inotrem, Intact Therapeutics, Iota Biosciences, Janssen, Kiniksa Prescribed capsules, Kyverna Therapeutics, Landos Biopharma, Lilly, Morphic Therapeutic, Novartis, Ono Prescribed capsules, Oppilan Pharma (now Ventyx Biosciences), Otsuka, Pandion Therapeutics, and Pfizer, amongst a host of an awfully good deal of entities.

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